BEHAVIOR CHANGE MODEL
STEP ONE - KNOWLEDGE AND AWARENESS
A good Behavior
Change Model begins with Knowledge and Awareness. You have to identify that there is a need to change and what it is that
needs to be change. In most cases, you can obtain the necessary knowledge from sources other than yourself. You can read information
from literature and brochures. You can watch a video tape or movie. You can even attend conferences or listen to tapes. However,
this is only the first step in changing your behavior.
STEP TWO - SELF EFFICACY
Self Efficacy is beyond
the level of Self Esteem. This represents the next level of changing behavior. You have to accept and recognize that you have
value and worth within your community and within your family. This philosophy amplifies the need for you to change a behavior.
STEP THREE - SIGNIFICANCE TO SELF
Once you have identified your level of worth within your community, you
must decide whether or not you have a personal need to change the behavior. You must identify what impact the change in behavior
will have in your life. In addition, what will happen if you don't change the behavior?
STEP FOUR - COST/BENEFIT
The next level is to establish a Cost/Benefit Analysis. What will it cost for you to change a behavior?
The cost to change a behavior may not always include or be limited to financial cost. There is a cost when you are deciding
whether or not to change a behavior that may include: being dumped by your boyfriend or girlfriend, having a roommate move
out, loosing a friend. However, the benefit of a healthier life always seems to outweigh the cost.
STEP FIVE -
Once you have made it this far, you are near the end. You are now ready to step into the level
of Capacity Building. This is the point that you gather everything you need to successfully change the behavior. If you decide
to start using condoms, you have to go out and actually get the condoms. If you decide to change your behavior by double dating,
you have to gather the names of other couples that are willing to double date. If you decide to get tested for HIV, you have
to locate a site.
STEP SIX - PROVISIONAL TRY
Once you gather your tools, you are ready for the next
step! A Provisional Try is when you have gathered your tools, but you haven't completed the behavior change. You picked up
the condoms, but you forgot them at home. You located a HIV testing site, but you had to work late. You planned a double date
with some friends, but they didn't show up. This is the time to be strong and don't give up. Stick to your plan!